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Aqueduct development worldwide is presented chronologically over 5500 years of human history.

Later, the Ottomans adapted older techniques, reintroducing large-scale aqueducts to supply their emerging towns with adequate water for religious and social needs.

The scientific approach to engineering matters during the Renaissance further improved aqueduct technology.

“river”) is the name given by the ancient Hellenes to the land situated between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers and their tributaries (modern Iraq and parts of modern Syria; Figure 1a).

Considering that the origin and development of ideas and techniques are difficult to restrict to a well-defined geographical area because migration, trade and military operations contribute to their diffusion, the term Greater Mesopotamia has been devised, including Western Iran, Eastern Syria, and Southeastern Turkey, as part of the sphere of influence of the land between rivers.

Along the 50km route, scientists have found traces of works of art constructed using the same techniques as the Pont du Gard. Much later, the 'Compagnons du Tour de France', construction journeymen, adopted the tradition of paying tribute to the bridge's architecture by engraving their trademark on it.

It took fifteen years to construct the aqueduct and approximately five years for the bridge. Bonus : La Roque-sur-Cèze, Cascades du Sautadet, Aiguèze.

These hydraulic works were used by several civilizations to collect water from springs and to transport it to settlements, sanctuaries and other targets.

Several civilizations, in China and the Americas, developed water transport systems independently, and brought these to high levels of sophistication.

For the Mediterranean civilizations, one of the salient characteristics of cultural development, since the Minoan Era (.

3200–1100 BC), is the architectural and hydraulic function of aqueducts used for the water supply in palaces and other settlements.

Water is a common need of mankind, and several ancient civilizations developed simple but practical techniques from which we can still learn.

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